Lothingland on the Internet - Lothingland in the beginning

Where is it? What does it mean?

Lothingland is the area in North Suffolk and South Norfolk bounded by the sea on the East side and the River Waveney ,Oulton Broad, Breydon Water on the other sides, it is 10 miles long, and six miles wide. So it is an island. The name comes probably from Ragnar LOTHBRUK, a great Viking, who on a stormy night in December 868AD was driven up the estuary of Wafenia, or Waveney, meaning troubled waters, and wrecked at Reedham. His sons, Ingu and Ubba came to the East coast with their armies to avenge the death of their father, they took prisoner, and murdered King Edmund,and settled in Lothingland, named after their father..

The Earldom of East Anglia was not divided into Norfolk and Suffolk until after the Conquest. The Sheriff was of both Counties until after Elizabeth 1st. The medieval Diocese of Norwich, covered the whole of East Anglia, but this area was subject to rural dean under the Arch Deacon of Suffolk.

Where does the word ‘folk’ come from? We learn from The Anglo Saxon Chronicle that in 1004 Ulfketill the Earl of East Anglia attacked Sweyn of Denmark at Thetford, ‘and the flower of East Anglian folc’ were killed. The Danes had never met harder fighting.

In the tenth Century parts of England were divided into hundreds. A hundred was a sub-division of a county or shire, having its own court. Lothingland was a half-hundred, and combined in 1764 with the half- hundred of Mutford, for the purpose of ameliorating the condition of the poor, and erecting a house of industry.

The half- hundred of Lothingland consisted of 15 parishes with 5 hamlets with 32 manors, and Lowestoft as the principle market town.
Gorleston Southtown
Belton Browston
Blundeston Flixton
Corton Hopton

1584 - Threat of invasion In 1584, the Duke of Anjou died, the Prince of Orange was murdered, and there was a threat of a Spanish invasion. Queen Elizabeth 1 ordered a commission to survey the munitions and military defenses of Lothingland, to find the number of able persons, and the possibility of leaders, and their disposition to Her Majesty. There were four commissioners of whom one, Wrote, lived in Lothingland, they found-

Able Men 727 men aged 16-60
Armour 26 corseletts
39 Almayse ryvetts
66 Callivers
81 Boves
Captaynes 1 Mr.Ruthall

Fertility Verie fertile and yieldeth store of corn catall and other victual to maintain itself and help other strength is greater to possession.

John Jernyngham of Somerleyton, a well-housed recusant.
Robert Jeffer an obstinate recusant.
One Robert Baspole of Popish behaviour, charged with hearing Mass.
That this island so to help Yarmouth being a friend or to hurt being an enemy Yarmouth is of small account without it. If the enemy should possess Yarmouth it could not hold out but for one day.

27th June 1584.

http://www.lothingland.page.co.uk/index.htm ......last revised20 February 2004